A seminal campaign speech and a crisis on Wall Street mark a turning point in the national conversation, with implications far and near.
Tuesday morning, March 18, was a truly fateful one in American politics and the economy. Here are afternoon-after observations to be applied as you wish.
Only time will tell whether either action was more than a short-term holding measure or whether further bleeding is in store on both fronts.
Obama made the strongest possible case to be made to both separate himself from his former pastor's politically and socially inflamatory statements from the pulpit and to place debate about race, gender, ethnicity, religion, and class on a higher level than heretofore. His basic campaign theme has been that Americans of all persuasions needed to put past grievances behind them in favor of common, positive action to address clear and present national problems. He used the speech to reinforce it.
Short term, however, it is uncertain whether the speech will benefit him in the upcoming April 22 Pennsylvania primary. Pennsylvania is an old-politics state where old thinking and old grievances hold greater sway than in many other places. New York Sen. Hillary Clinton holds a strong lead over Obama among Democratic voters there (and the primary is for Democrats only, excluding Republicans and independents who have gone for Obama in state contests where they have been able to vote). White women, blue-collar, and ethnic voters in Pennsylvania are likely to stick with Clinton unless she makes a big mistake and stumbles in the period ahead.
Adding to the uncertainty of the nominating campaign is that fact that neither Florida nor Michigan, as of this afternoon, appears likely to mount a redo of January presidential primaries that were not sanctioned by the national Democratic Party. That means they could be the subject of angry rules committee and convention-floor disputes at the Denver national convention in August, creating turmoil and turning off a watching general electorate. Many chapters are yet to be written in the Florida and Michigan sagas.
Of greater immediate concern is what will happen now in the economy and financial systems.
The Fed, with easing today and earlier action on Bear Stearns, signaled that it was ready to undertake extraordinary steps to keep major financial institutions afloat and to unfreeze new investment. But there is a limit to what the Fed can do.
Private investors are unlikely to make huge new investments in mortage-backed securities or to launch new merger/acquisition activity. But there are bargains available now in various markets. Will big investment houses step forward to take advantage of them? (It has been pointed out, among other things, that Bear Stearns' New York headquarters building alone is probably worth the price Morgan Chase paid for all the firm's assets).
Government also needs to take action at the micro level to help ordinary citizens from losing their homes. The present Dodd-Frank bill in the Congress would do that by renewing Depression-era measures which stemmed foreclosures then. It is imperfect and would be difficult to apply in today's market, where lender-borrower relationships no longer are those between hometown banks and their mortgage-holding depositors.
What about wider effects? Here in Washington and Seattle we face the same challenges as other states and cities. Local institutions may prove to be shaky. State and local revenues, in the current downturn, are likely to fall more sharply in 2008 than previously foreseen. Big investment, expansion and hiring decisions will be postponed.
Washington Mutual is still looking for a buyer and/or a huge infusion of new capital to save it from Bear Stearns' fate. It could fail (and, in so doing, might solve the problem of Tacoma-based Russell Investments, which is seeking a new corporate headquarters. The WaMu Tower would do just fine). A WaMu collapse is not unconceivable. Let us hope deep-pocketed rescuers are found for it.
We will need to put aside requests for public funds we might wish for but which are not realistically coming our way. Already Sound Transit has conceded that light rail would be too expensive in an eventual Highway 520 bridge configuration. (It would be too expensive, too, on the Interstate 90 bridge, but Sound Transit is not yet ready to concede that point.) Would-be rescuers of a National Basketball Association franchise in Seattle can forget Olympia in seeking financing help. Those wishing to make Seattle safe for David Stern and his crass minions will have to come up with private or local tax money to do it. Think restraint, affordability, and practicality over the next two years.
The above constitutes an optimistic picture. Far worse could happen to the U.S. economy and financial systems. Through all of this, Americans will be carefully watching Sens. John McCain, Obama, and Clinton. Would they know what to do in a worst-case situation? Do they inspire confidence? Big questions for all of us. Serious stuff, which should no longer be reduced to the level of daily political gossip.