Here are short takes for a long weekend. They cover, too briefly, matters that I have meaning to deal with at far greater length in recent days.
I will attend a Memorial Day observance this weekend. No matter one's view of the present Iraq and Afghanistan interventions — or of any present or past military engagement — we owe tribute to the men and women who have died and been wounded to defend the rest of us.
I put in nearly seven years of active and reserve service as an Army enlisted man at a time when military service was obligatory. Before that, I spent two years in a University of Washington ROTC unit before dropping out. I spent not one moment in combat or in a war zone, although I did serve at the Pentagon at a time when nuclear war threatened. As President Kennedy famously said, life is unfair. During war, some are called to die; others never leave home.
With the elimination of a military draft more than 30 years ago, few Americans have served in the military or have even known someone who has done so. This is unhealthy and leads to situations, as in Seattle, where teachers, parents, and ordinary citizens call for banning of military recruiters from high-school and college campuses. Would they similarly ban recruiters seeking young men and women to become doctors, nurses, public-safety officers, teachers, and occupational therapists? The present-day military is performing splendidly, under difficult conditions, and is providing perhaps the best opportunity in our country for poor and minority kids to lift themselves.
Most U.S. interventions in the 20th or 21st centuries could have been avoided with a bit of skill and intelligence by our national leaders. The Spanish-American war was a jingoist, unnecessary venture inspired in part by an irresponsible tabloid press. Our involvement in World War I could have been avoided altogether. We were drawn into it, in part, by skillful British propaganda and outright disinformation. World War II — fought against cruel German and Japanese aggression — was a war that had to be waged. But strong diplomacy and mutual action by Western nations, before the war, might have stopped the aggressions before they began. Our WW II firebombings of German and Japanese civilian targets, and our use of nuclear weapons, would have resulted in war-crimes trials of American leaders had we been losers rather than winners of the war. The Korean War began after Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated publicly that Korea did not lie within the U.S. defense perimeter. We became engaged in Vietnam because of a complete misunderstanding of what was happening there. Our vital interests were never at stake there. Nonetheless, 58,000 American troopers died there and perhaps a million Vietnamese, north and south. Our role in Afghanistan, post-9/11, was unavoidable. But our intervention in Iraq, as that in Vietnam, was based on a faulty assessment of the realities there.
Animus regarding wars should be directed against the leaders who launched them. We owe honor to those who served and died while we lived.
No, folks, those high gasoline prices are not being caused by collusion among evil oil companies. They reflect supply and demand. Oil prices have doubled in the last 12 months. But this is not because of a speculative bubble, as in high-tech or housing, where prices have been bid up irrationally.
A recent International Energy Agency survey confirmed that we face a decade or more in which there will just plain not be enough oil on the market to meet current demand. Yes, OPEC countries could pump more. Yes, Western countries should do more to encourage exploration, development of new fields, and new refining capacity. But when you come down to it, there will remain an oil shortfall, especially as economies such as China's and India's drive toward higher growth rates.
The conclusions are inescapable. We do need to develop alternative energy sources: natural gas, still plentiful; solar; wind power; cleaner coal; and, yes, nuclear, if waste can be recycled as in France's breeder reactors. On the other side of the issue — conservation — market forces already are driving us in the right direction. Sales of trucks and SUVs are plunging; small-car and hybrid sales are rising. Truckers, cruise lines, airlines, and other oil users are taking rational steps to keep themselves viable in a new oil-price environment. Individual citizens will turn to car- and van-pooling and greater use of public transit.
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