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Bill targets racism in setting up voting districts

A proposal to create remedies to head off gerrymandering provokes worries from cities and school districts.

Gerrymandering a city or school district to minimize the votes of a minority group would be illegal under a state Senate bill.

Most people in a packed Washington Senate hearing room Thursday supported  SB 5473, which would allow someone to challenge an election district's geography if it appears that the boundaries were drawn to block a racial or language minority from being adequately represented on a city council or school board. 

This bill — patterned after the federal Voting Rights Act — sets up a county superior court as the venue for such a challenge. If a lawsuit is filed, it will be up to the judge or jury to examine the demographic information and election district boundaries to determine if illegal gerrymandering took place to block out a minority group from appropriate representation. The proposed law would be applied to cities of more than 1,000 people and school districts with more than 250 students. 

The Senate Government Operations Committee took testimony Thursday on the bill by Sen. Sharon Nelson, D-Seattle. Names of the bill's supporters took up six pages of sign-in sheets, but most opted not to testify. 

"For too many (minority) voters feel removed from the government," said Kathy Sakahara of the League of Women Voters of Washington. "They feel its this impenetrable edifice.

"If there is institutionalized racism in the system. I think most people will say: 'We don't want that,'" said Sen. Bob Hasegawa, D-Seattle and a member of the Government Operations Committee.

Two groups — the Washington State School Directors Association and the Association of Washington of Cities -- testified against the bill. Those representatives said cities and school districts are worried about the costs of doing the statistical analyses, and any litigation, needed to comply with the proposed  law.

For exclusive coverage of the state Legislature, check out Crosscut's Olympia 2013 page.

John Stang is a longtime Inland Northwest newspaper reporter who earned a Masters of Communications in Digital Media degree at the University of Washington. He can be reached by writing editor@crosscut.com.


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Comments:

Posted Fri, Feb 22, 10:12 a.m. Inappropriate

This is fine, but I wish it went beyond "'Protected class'... a class of voters who are members of a race, color, or language minority group." Gerrymandering of any sort should be illegal. I suppose, though, that a bill that proposed the latter would never make it anywhere; this one at least has a chance.

Posted Fri, Feb 22, 11:39 a.m. Inappropriate

"Language Minority"? What in the world does that refer to? If it means people who cannot speak English, there's a much simpler solution to that problem: Learn English. Is the purpose of legislation like this to establish ghettos of unassimilated immigrants and aliens who can then be pandered to as special interest groups? What a tragedy that would be.

dbreneman

Posted Fri, Feb 22, 10:35 p.m. Inappropriate

How about writing a "loser pays" provision into the bill? Or must the taxpayers be held subject to all the Dem's race-baiting special interest groups? I suppose on the bright side, they're letting off cities with less than 1,000 people.

BlueLight

Posted Sun, Feb 24, 9:21 a.m. Inappropriate

Just get politics out of it entirely and use a computer algorithm to create the districts every ten years based on census data.

http://rangevoting.org/SplitLR.html

Use computers to model the district based on the smallest contiguous geographic areas that would encompass equal shares of the state's population divided by its congressional seats.

No politics, no tweaking, and an automatic process.

talisker

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