Bertha Knight Landes, namesake of our stalled tunnel machine, was Seattle's first and only female mayor. Credit: Credit: Seattle Municipal Archives
Poor Bertha. She deserved better. Bertha Knight Landes, that is, Seattle’s first and only woman mayor.
In fact, Bertha Knight Landes was the first female mayor of a major American city. She served from 1926 to 1928. Prior to that, she was president of the City Council and involved in many good government organizations in town. She ran because the corrupt city needed a good “housekeeper,” and she tried to clean up by cracking down on crooked cops, illegal gambling and bootleggers. After two years, she was beaten for reelection by a newcomer named Frank Edwards, who was a shill for the business community. Bertha’s career was halted abruptly by political conditions on the ground in Seattle, a city with a history of being of two minds about vice.
We haven’t elected a woman mayor since, but naming the world’s largest tunnel-boring machine after her seemed appropriate. “Bertha” is synonymous with “big,” which the tunnel project is. Bertha was also supposed to represent enlightened progress in a city whose transportation system needed some good housekeeping. The boring machine would core out the muck and glacial remains under the old waterfront and dig a foundation for Seattle’s new face to the world. Traffic would flow smoothly and silently and out of sight, the Berlin Wall of viaducts would be torn down and downtown would flourish. We debated the digging risks and how to pay for them, but for a majority of voters, Bertha seemed the best path forward.
Only now, a year into the project’s launch, Bertha the Boring Machine is stuck. She needs major repairs. Until they happen, the big machine is dead in the mud, unable to burrow her way forward. The tunnel diggers have to rescue her by digging an enormous pit so they can access her front end and remove the cutterhead and repair the main bearing that turns her cutters. It cost $80 million to build Bertha; it will cost at least $125 million to rescue her.
Bertha has many moving parts, and once she’s dismantled in situ, repair crews will have a much better idea of how to fix her — it could be more than bearing problems that brought her to a standstill last December. At best, she’ll be more than a year late finishing the job. At worst, she can’t be fixed. Things look so bad that even the state’s secretary of transportation will no longer guarantee Bertha will finish the job.
Bertha’s crisis has consequences. She’s a critical moving part in a massive Seattle makeover. Digging the tunnel allows the Alaskan Way Viaduct to be replaced. That opens up the central waterfront for a redevelopment estimated to cost more than $1 billion. Projects include a new seawall, new surface transportation routes across the waterfront, an expansion of Pike Place Market that connects to an expanded Seattle Aquarium, links to the refurbished Mercer Corridor, plus an eventual makeover of the ferry terminal at Colman Dock. Bertha’s progress is key to all of it coming together.
The other Bertha. Credit: WSDOT
It’s fair to ask questions in the meantime. How costly will delays be, and will they proliferate throughout the complex web of projects? Have the city and state bitten off more than they can chew? While the cause of Bertha’s paralysis is not yet fully known, the costs of her rescue and delay are mounting.
And who will ultimately pay when the bill comes in? Olympia has said that Seattle taxpayers should be on the hook for cost overruns, but the language of the legislation might not be enforceable. In the meantime, the Washington State Department of Transportation and Seattle Tunnel Partners, the contractor, are arguing over blame.
Poor Bertha. Like her namesake, her progress has been blocked. All around there is anxiety, bickering, unanswered questions. Even once she’s done, Bertha’s biggest challenge might prove to be digging her way through all the lawsuits that surely lie ahead.
This article was originally featured in the July edition of the Seattle Magazine.