Should Seattle sell off rare open space?
In the midst of Seattle's pell-mell development, a patch of land above the Duwamish River Valley is becoming a battleground in the debate over what the city should do with its dwindling open spaces.
Open space advocates say the land, 13 acres of a former gravel quarry at the city's south edge, is perhaps one of the last chances to develop a significant new park. The city considers the property "excess" and is considering selling it to the highest bidder for development.
The issue came to a head on Friday, when City Councilmember Lisa Herbold sent a letter to a ranking Murray administration official, asking the city to put the sale process on hold until the people in her South End district have a chance to weigh in.
The issue, though, has also started to gain traction among neighbor groups and open space advocates throughout the city, some of whom are increasingly angry about what they see as a failure to match natural area protections with the pace of development in the city. They question whether the city of Seattle is paying close enough attention to its own tree coverage and climate policies as it considers selling dozens of small properties it says it no longer needs. Many of those belong to Seattle City Light, which no longer needs as many substations as it once had.
The south end property is part of what the city calls the Myers Parcels, 30-plus acres of a one-time gravel quarry it bought to build a Joint Training Facility for firefighters. The property lies above a wooded hillside along Highway 509, a heavily used route for getting from Downtown Seattle to Sea-Tac Airport. It is in the Hamm Creek drainage area, which feeds into the Duwamish.
The city built the fire training facility early in the last decade — violating federal wetlands protections as it did so — and wants to sell off parts that it says are surplus. Mayor Murray has designated some of the proceeds from the expected sale for use in his response to the city-declared homelessness crisis.
Herbold's letter expresses concerns about 13 acres that are working their way through the Department of Finance and Administrative Service's procedures for selling properties. She expressed hope that the department would work with her in resolving the concerns.
She said that many nearby residents — some of whom live in low-income housing and aren't native speakers of English — have no idea of the possible sale and its implications. Advocates have complained that the area is one of the few open space and walking areas for many people. Herbold suggested that "an enhanced engagement effort" is needed before finance department officials bring any sale recommendation to the council.
The letter also raises environmental and public health issues, pointing to both air pollution and the watershed issues that led to a listing last week of the Duwamish-Green River as the fifth most-threatened waterway in America. Herbold asked for not just a regular environmental assessment of the individual effects of any parcel sales for development but larger looks at any effects on the overall environmental health of the area and the health of neighbors. Environmental justice campaigners regularly point to the overall health burdens to low- and moderate-income residents in the south end from the Duwamish Valley's history of pollution.
Reached late Friday, Fred Podesta, the director of Finance and Administrative Services, said he had received the councilmember's letter but officials had not had time to make any decisions.
Podesta noted that the land had been purchased with the intent of selling any portions left over after construction of the training facility. Under normal city processes, other departments look at whether they have a need.
The city will be buying open space and park land in future years with some of the money from a voter-approved citywide park district. The area hasn't rated highly under the city Parks and Recreation Department's reviews of where the biggest per-capita needs for additional land are. Paul Kundtz, the state executive director for the Trust for Public Land, has praised the department’s prioritization work, but he told Crosscut recently that he was talking with both the department and advocates about the idea that the land merits further consideration.
One of the leaders of the Seattle Green Spaces Coalition, Mary Fleck, praised Herbold's call for better engagement with the community. "People in City Hall think this is a junk piece of property in South Seattle," she said. "They just want to sell it."
She said she is very optimistic about protecting the land from development once people realize its value as open space and a walking area, and as part of the Hamm Creek watershed flowing into the Duwamish.
"I want to see each council member and the mayor come down and see this beautiful place," she said, "and the beautiful people who surround it."