Official Bill information: House Bill 1782 and Senate Bill 5670
Description of the bills: These bills would require cities of more than 10,000 people to allow duplexes in single-family zones. They would additionally allow triplexes and quadruplexes on all lots within a half mile of major transit stops in cities with more than 20,000 people. The idea isn’t new — lawmakers floated a similar pair of bills during the 2020 legislative session, but both died in committee. In these new versions, cities can opt out if they instead adopt certain density requirements (40 dwellings per acre in cities with more than 500,000 people, 30 dwellings per acre in cities with more than 100,000 people, 25 dwellings per acre in cities with more than 20,000 people and 15 dwellings per acre in cities with more than 10,000 people). Proponents, including Gov. Jay Inslee, say the bills would ease the state’s housing shortage by increasing the number of “middle housing” units. Opponents argue that the bills would functionally eliminate single-family neighborhoods, altering the character of long-established communities.
Status: HB 1782 stalled in the House Rules Committee. SB 5670 stalled in the Senate Ways & Means Committee.